But not under Mississippi's 120 year old Constitution.
The three branches of our state government are established in Article 1, Section 1:
The powers of the government of the State of Mississippi shall be divided into three distinct departments, and each of them confided to a separate magistracy, to-wit: those which are legislative to one, those which are judicial to another, and those which are executive to another.
The offices in each of those branches are not created until later in the document, however. Article 4, entitled "Legislative Department," creates the Mississippi Legislature. Article 5, dubbed "Executive," gives us a Governor and Lt. Governor. And Article 6, labeled "Judiciary," gives us a Supreme Court, circuit and chancery courts, an Attorney General and district attorneys.
Why does this matter? Well, Governor Barbour has ordered cuts to District Attorneys across the State, just as he did with the Supreme Court. The cuts he has ordered are so severe that virtually all felony prosecutors in the entire state will be furloughed for the entire months of May and June. If the Supreme Court meant what it said in yesterday's order, then the AG and DAs should be immune from cuts as well. We'll see how this all plays out.
(As an aside, one might could argue that Barbour, if he failed to fund prosecutors for May and June, would be in violation of not only the separation of powers doctrine, but Article 5, Section 123, which says, "The Governor shall see that the laws are faithfully executed." Of course, that very Section will be what the Governor relies upon in his brief supporting the constitutionality of the cuts to prosecutors. What a mess.)